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External OpenSSL Command-line FAQ

This OpenSSL HowTo/FAQ deals with the command-line openssl.

Remote Server Security Enhancement with SSH Keys

You can make port forwarding even more secure by limiting what a privileged account can do. When you add a key to authorized_key you may pass parameters to fine tune the connection. This can be used to restrict what the client is allowed to do. On the remote server, add the following to ~username/.ssh/authorized_keys:

ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEA8XIr8LEXdvc4VZEvNenWkJrerTzNhqTT7QvCD+Y2EjCUPQwfBcSnvhY3oasNigNonghQFqm7/HqWBLpcN+4mqDUrXrEdj6HQmHvCV6WozNUVb5jjiyQ/JF4hqcQd6oelCkVw8wD32I2jlYqydpqOGY4xqakWDAfm3SOx5il3Kl49mKCg5B3GQPexhTujaTT3y/Q1eeT3zGpHE9Mp7k20X8rMxSjp5ncLAmdf42fRh05HY5f1GrupQIEdi0/TDcPNWL1ml89zttrDOLgDnwny7P0x2jmcX41cSxL/8svER7BAk2sroyQe6L21pJ7o2MYz1IwnsQgji/GjJoaA7hTNCQ==
  • from="": accept connection only from the given IP address
  • command="/bin/false": forces this command to be run no matter what is passed via ssh from the client
  • no-pty: never allocate a PTY for interactivity
  • no-X11-forwarding: No X11
  • no-agent-forwarding: we don't want or need ssh-agent
  • no-port-forwarding: prevent ssh -R ...
  • permitopen="localhost:143": allow only localhost connections to port 143 for `ssh -L` requests

Turn off remote host identity check in known_hosts

Sometimes you want to connect to a remote host where you do not care about the host identification. Or you might be connecting to a single host IP address that is serving multiple SSH servers on different ports. Unfortunately, ssh stores only the remote host's IP address in your ~/.ssh/known_hosts file, so it will complain about different keys even though they came from different ports on the same IP address.

You get an error message like this:

Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)!
It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed.

The trick is to tell ssh not to ask you if you want to store the remote hosts identity key and you must tell ssh to look for a dummy known_hosts file.

The following example shows connecting to different ports of the same IP address while ignoring the remote host identification:

ssh -o "StrictHostKeyChecking no" -o "UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null" noah@
ssh -p 2268 -o "StrictHostKeyChecking no" -o "UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null" noah@
ssh -p 2269 -o "StrictHostKeyChecking no" -o "UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null" noah@

WARNING! This totally defeats detection of man-in-the-middle attacks. You should not use this on a regular basis.

SSH for Windows

Putty is the best free SSH client for Windows. You can also use Cygwin, but the ANSI terminal emulation isn't as good unless you start the X11 server and run xterm.

MindTerm SSH client Java Applet

MindTerm_2.1 (non-commercial). This was the last free version of MindTerm.


Put this applet on a web page and point the <applet> "archive" attribute to the URL of the JAR file:

 <applet archive="mindterm.jar" code="com.mindbright.application.MindTerm.class" width="580" height="400"> 
     <param name="te" value="xterm-color"> <!-- "vt102" -->
     <param name="fs" value="18">
     <param name="gm" value="80x32+0+0">
     <param name="port" value="22">
     <param name="cipher" value="blowfish"> <!-- "des" -->
     <param name="usrname" value="">
     <param name="sepframe" value="false">
     <param name="quiet" value="false">
     <param name="cmdsh" value="false">
     <param name="verbose" value="true">
     <pa ram name="autoprops" value="none">
     <param name="idhost" value="false">
     <param name="alive" value="10">
     <param name="appletbg" value="white">

<include iframe src="" width="630" height="460px" />


This category has only the following subcategory.


Pages in category "SSH"

The following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total.