I keep running into situations where I'm having some sort of home network trouble so I will bring down my network interface and then bring it up again and afterward my routing table seems screwed up.
# ping www.noah.org connect: Network is unreachable # ping 22.214.171.124 connect: Network is unreachable
Things look OK from the LAN side:
# cat /etc/resolv.conf nameserver 126.96.36.199 nameserver 192.168.1.1 # ifconfig eth0 eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:16:cb:aa:37:2a inet addr:192.168.1.200 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 inet6 addr: fe80::216:cbff:feaa:352a/64 Scope:Link UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:218524 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:162058 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000 RX bytes:186251217 (186.2 MB) TX bytes:26169040 (26.1 MB) Interrupt:16 # ping 192.168.1.1 PING 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.801 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.760 ms ^C # ping 192.168.1.105 PING 192.168.1.105 (192.168.1.105) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.1.105: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=7.02 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.1.105: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.234 ms ^C # ping 192.168.1.200 PING 192.168.1.200 (192.168.1.200) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 192.168.1.200: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.048 ms 64 bytes from 192.168.1.200: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.049 ms ^C
I look at the routing... This doesn't look good:
# ip route 192.168.1.0/24 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.1.200
So I run `dhclient eth0` to force my machine to talk to the gateway again.
# dhclient eth0 Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client V3.1.1 Copyright 2004-2008 Internet Systems Consortium. All rights reserved. For info, please visit http://www.isc.org/sw/dhcp/ Listening on LPF/eth0/00:16:cb:aa:37:2a Sending on LPF/eth0/00:16:cb:aa:37:2a Sending on Socket/fallback DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.1.200 on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 DHCPACK of 192.168.1.200 from 192.168.1.1 * Reloading /etc/samba/smb.conf smbd only ...done. bound to 192.168.1.200 -- renewal in 880348675 seconds.
OK, good. It gets a response and the DHCP acknowledges use of the same IP. Check ip route again and it's fixed:
# ip route show 192.168.1.0/24 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.1.200 default via 192.168.1.1 dev eth0
It can see the world again:
# ping 188.8.131.52 PING 184.108.40.206 (220.127.116.11) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 18.104.22.168: icmp_seq=1 ttl=54 time=18.5 ms 64 bytes from 22.214.171.124: icmp_seq=2 ttl=54 time=17.0 ms ^C # ping www.kernel.org PING pub.us.kernel.org (126.96.36.199) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from pub2.kernel.org (188.8.131.52): icmp_seq=1 ttl=56 time=18.4 ms 64 bytes from pub2.kernel.org (184.108.40.206): icmp_seq=2 ttl=56 time=37.2 ms ^C
This all seems to happen just on this one home machine. I understand why it isn't routing because of the tables, but it bugs me that it doesn't just fix itself. Maybe my `dhclient` is messed up on this machine. It doesn't stay running or doesn't check the lease or perhaps there is some way to get `dhclient` to automatically rebroadcast for DHCP server when the kernel gets an "unreachable" event... I'm missing something here. On my other machines the default route seems to fix itself when the interface is brought back up. I have to look into that. I never really dug into what networking does when you bring an interface back up... I bet this is the right direction. I probably disabled some udev thing or something that automatically runs and fixes things when an interface comes up. It's always been automatic so I never thought much about it... Until I found out, I can fix it manually:
# ip route add default via 192.168.1.1 # ip route 192.168.1.0/24 dev eth0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.1.200 default via 192.168.1.1 dev eth0 # ping www.kernel.org PING pub.us.kernel.org (220.127.116.11) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from pub1.kernel.org (18.104.22.168): icmp_seq=1 ttl=55 time=18.3 ms 64 bytes from pub1.kernel.org (22.214.171.124): icmp_seq=2 ttl=55 time=18.2 ms ^C
Check which ip address and interface are associated with a route
- ip route show dev eth0
- show ip routes through this interface.
- ip route show via 192.168.1.1
- show interface for this route.