Python templates

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Python string templates using the % template operator

Python has an excellent built-in template system -- the % operator. Granted this is not what many people would consider a "real" template system, but it's much more powerful than most people give it credit for.

The key is to combine % with the locals() function. Template code practically writes itself. Remember string templates can have more than just %d and %s style replacements. It can also take a dictionary, like %(DICT_KEY1)s or %(DICT_KEY2)d. Next remember that the locals() function returns a dictionary of local variables. This makes it trivial to merge local variables into a string template.

TEMPLATE="""From: %(FROM)s
To: %(TO)s
Subject: %(SUBJECT)s

Hello %(USERNAME)s,

Your account is over quota. 
Your quota limit is %(LIMIT)d bytes.
Your amount used is %(USED)d bytes.

def format_alert_email (USERNAME, FROM, TO, SUBJECT, LIMIT, USED):
    return TEMPLATE % locals()

Running the template will give the following results:

>>> print format_alert_email('Joe Bloe','','','over quota',1000,1234)
Subject: over quota

Hello Joe Bloe,

Your account is over quota. 
Your quota limit is 1000 bytes.
Your amount used is 1234 bytes.